Esophagitis & Stricture
When stomach acid and digestive enzymes repeatedly reflux into the esophagus, the tissues become inflamed and ulcerated. This inflammation is known as esophagitis . When the inflammation is severe, esophageal ulcers develop.
The lower esophagus can open to the size of a quarter or wider. When recurrent inflammation occurs, scarring develops, underlying tissues become fibrous, and the opening narrows. This narrowing, also known as stricture , can cause food and fluid to move slowly to the stomach or completely block the esophagus.